Local Data

True Rate of Unemployment Out of the Population and True Rate of Unemployment (TRU) for Metropolitan Statistical Areas and States

The Ludwig Institute for Shared Economic Prosperity (LISEP) has calculated the TRU Out of the Population and the TRU for 2020 for many U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)* as well as for the 50 states. TRU for MSAs and states provides a deeper understanding of local labor market conditions than headline statistics.

* The census defines an MSA as “a core area containing a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities that have a high degree of economic and social integration with that core.” To be considered an MSA, the main city must have a population of 50,000 and the total MSA must have 100,000. For many smaller MSAs, the sample size is not large enough to produce a robust estimate of the TRU. Click here for a list of MSAs LISEP was not able to calculate due to sample size.

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Albany-Lebanon, OR
Albany, GA
Alexandria, LA
Altoona, PA
Ames, IA
Anchorage, AK
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Bay City, MI
Beckley, WV
Bellingham, WA
Bismarck, ND
Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA
Bremerton-Silverdale-Port Orchard, WA
Brunswick, GA
Cape Girardeau, MO-IL
Carson City, NV
Casper, WY
Cheyenne, WY
Columbia, MO
Columbus, IN
Corvallis, OR
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin,FL
Cumberland, MD-WV
Dalton, GA
Danville, IL
Dayton-Kettering, OH
Decatur, AL
Decatur, IL
Dothan, AL
Dubuque, IA
Duluth, MN-WI
Eau Claire, WI
El Centro, CA
Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY
Elmira, NY
Enid, OK
Fairbanks, AK
Flagstaff, AZ
Fond du Lac, WI
Gadsden, AL
Gettysburg, PA
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Grand Island, NE
Grand Junction, CO
Grants Pass, OR
Great Falls, MT
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Hammond, LA
Harrisonburg, VA
Hattiesburg, MS
Hinesville, GA
Homosassa Springs, FL
Hot Springs, AR
Houma-Thibodaux, LA
Ithaca, NY
Jackson, TN
Jefferson City, MO
Jonesboro, AR
Joplin, MO
Kankakee, IL
Kingston, NY
Kokomo, IN
La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Lawrence, KS
Lawton, OK
Lebanon, PA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Lima, OH
Lincoln, NE
Logan, UT-ID
Longview, WA
Lynchburg, VA
Madera, CA
Manhattan, KS
Mankato, MN
Mansfield, OH
Merced, CA
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Midland, MI
Midland, TX
Missoula, MT
Morristown, TN
Muncie, IN
Napa, CA
New Bern, NC
Ocean City, NJ
Olympia-Lacey-Tumwater, WA
Owensboro, KY
Parkersburg-Vienna, WV
Pittsfield, MA
Pocatello, ID
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Prescott Valley-Prescott, AZ
Pueblo, CO
Punta Gorda, FL
Rapid City, SD
Reno, NV
Rochester, MN
Rocky Mount, NC
Rome, GA
San Angelo, TX
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Sebring-Avon Park, FL
Sheboygan, WI
Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Springfield, OH
St. Cloud, MN
St. Joseph, MO-KS
State College, PA
Staunton, VA
Sumter, SC
Texarkana, TX-AR
The Villages, FL
Topeka, KS
Tuscaloosa, AL
Twin Falls, ID
Valdosta, GA
Victoria, TX
Walla Walla, WA
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH
Wenatchee, WA
Wheeling, WV-OH
Wilmington, NC
Yakima, WA
Yuba City, CA
UNEMPLOYMENt

TRU Out of the Population for MSAs

2020

The TRU Out of the Population shows the percentage of people in the entire population that are functionally unemployed. Just as LISEP does for the national TRU Out of the Population, the institute uses data compiled by the federal government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics to calculate the local figures (click below in the map to find the TRU Out of Population for various U.S. MSAs). The TRU Out of the Population tracks the percentage of the U.S. population (age 16 and older) that is seeking, but unable to find full-time work that pays a living wage, which is conservatively pegged at $20,000 annually before taxes.

LISEP’s TRU Out of the Population MSA figures are particularly meaningful in 2020, given that the global pandemic forced many workers out of the labor force. Because they were technically not looking for a job, these individuals were not included in the sample for calculating the national headline unemployment or the True Rate of Unemployment. These MSA figures provide a more complete picture of the 2020 labor market.

Select any MSA to see its TRU Out of the Population.

UNEMPLOYMENT

TRU for MSAs

2020

The True Rate of Unemployment, as defined by LISEP, measures the percentage of the U.S. labor force that is functionally unemployed. Just as LISEP does for the national TRU, the institute uses data compiled by the federal government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics to calculate the local figures (click below to find the TRU for various U.S. MSAs). TRU tracks the percentage of the U.S. labor force seeking but unable to find a full-time job (35+ hours a week), is unemployed, or is employed in a position earning less than a living wage, conservatively pegged at $20,000 annually before taxes.

Select any MSA to see its TRU.

UNEMPLOYMENT

TRU Out of the Population for States

2020

The TRU Out of the Population shows the percentage of people in the entire population that are functionally unemployed. Just as LISEP does for the national TRU Out of the Population, the institute uses data compiled by the federal government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics to calculate the state figures (click below in the map to find the TRU Out of Population for the U.S. states). The TRU Out of Population tracks the percentage of the U.S. population (age 16 and older) seeking but unable to find a full-time job (35+ hours a week), is unemployed, holds a part-time job but desires a full-time position, or is employed in a position earning less than a living wage, conservatively pegged at $20,000 annually before taxes.

Select any state to see its TRU Out of the Population.

UNEMPLOYMENT

TRU for States

2020

The True Rate of Unemployment, as defined by the Ludwig Institute for Shared Economic Prosperity (LISEP), measures the percentage of the U.S. labor force that is functionally unemployed. Just as LISEP does for the national TRU, the institute uses data compiled by the federal government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics to calculate the state figures (click below in the map to find the TRU for each state). TRU tracks the percentage of the U.S. labor force seeking but unable to find a full-time job (35+ hours a week), is unemployed, or is employed in a position earning less than a living wage, conservatively pegged at $20,000 annually before taxes.

Select any state to see its TRU.

True Rate of Unemployment by State

August 2020

Select any state or percentage to see the most recent True Rate of Unemployment.